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Comment modifier les paramètres réseau (adresse IP, DNS, WINS, nom d'hôte) avec le code en C #

Je développe un assistant pour une machine qui doit être utilisée comme sauvegarde d’autres machines. Lorsqu'il remplace une machine existante, il doit définir son adresse IP, ses DNS, WINS et son nom d'hôte afin qu'ils correspondent à la machine remplacée.

Existe-t-il une bibliothèque en .net (C #) qui me permet de le faire par programme?

Il existe plusieurs cartes réseau, chacune devant être configurée individuellement.

MODIFIER

Merci TimothyP pour votre exemple. Cela m'a permis de progresser sur la bonne voie et la réponse rapide a été formidable.

Merci balexandre . Votre code est parfait. J'étais pressé et j'avais déjà adapté l'exemple cité par TimothyP, mais j'aurais adoré avoir votre code plus tôt.

J'ai également développé une routine utilisant des techniques similaires pour changer le nom de l'ordinateur. Je le posterai plus tard, alors abonnez-vous à cette question Flux RSS si vous souhaitez être informé de la mise à jour. Je le ferai peut-être plus tard aujourd'hui ou lundi après un peu de nettoyage.

63
Chasler

Je viens de faire ceci en quelques minutes:

using System;
using System.Management;

namespace WindowsFormsApplication_CS
{
  class NetworkManagement
  {
    public void setIP(string ip_address, string subnet_mask)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC =
        new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          ManagementBaseObject setIP;
          ManagementBaseObject newIP =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic");

          newIP["IPAddress"] = new string[] { ip_address };
          newIP["SubnetMask"] = new string[] { subnet_mask };

          setIP = objMO.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
        }
      }
    }

    public void setGateway(string gateway)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          ManagementBaseObject setGateway;
          ManagementBaseObject newGateway =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways");

          newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new string[] { gateway };
          newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new int[] { 1 };

          setGateway = objMO.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
        }
      }
    }

    public void setDNS(string NIC, string DNS)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          // if you are using the System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface
          // you'll need to change this line to
          // if (objMO["Caption"].ToString().Contains(NIC))
          // and pass in the Description property instead of the name 
          if (objMO["Caption"].Equals(NIC))
          {
            ManagementBaseObject newDNS =
              objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder");
            newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = DNS.Split(',');
            ManagementBaseObject setDNS =
              objMO.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    public void setWINS(string NIC, string priWINS, string secWINS)
    {
      ManagementClass objMC = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
      ManagementObjectCollection objMOC = objMC.GetInstances();

      foreach (ManagementObject objMO in objMOC)
      {
        if ((bool)objMO["IPEnabled"])
        {
          if (objMO["Caption"].Equals(NIC))
          {
            ManagementBaseObject setWINS;
            ManagementBaseObject wins =
            objMO.GetMethodParameters("SetWINSServer");
            wins.SetPropertyValue("WINSPrimaryServer", priWINS);
            wins.SetPropertyValue("WINSSecondaryServer", secWINS);

            setWINS = objMO.InvokeMethod("SetWINSServer", wins, null);
          }
        }
      }
    } 
  }
}
80
balexandre

Refactorisé un peu le code de balexandre pour que les objets soient éliminés et que les nouvelles fonctionnalités de langage de C # 3.5+ soient utilisées (Linq, var, etc.). Également renommé les variables en noms plus significatifs. J'ai également fusionné certaines des fonctions pour pouvoir faire plus de configuration avec moins d'interaction WMI. J'ai supprimé le code WINS car je n'ai plus besoin de configurer WINS. N'hésitez pas à ajouter le code WINS si vous en avez besoin.

Pour le cas, n'importe qui aime utiliser le code refactorisé/modernisé, je l'ai remis dans la communauté ici.

/// <summary>
/// Helper class to set networking configuration like IP address, DNS servers, etc.
/// </summary>
public class NetworkConfigurator
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="ipAddress">The IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public void SetIP(string ipAddress, string subnetMask, string gateway)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(managementObject => (bool)managementObject["IPEnabled"]))
                {
                    using (var newIP = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic"))
                    {
                        // Set new IP address and subnet if needed
                        if ((!String.IsNullOrEmpty(ipAddress)) || (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask)))
                        {
                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(ipAddress))
                            {
                                newIP["IPAddress"] = new[] { ipAddress };
                            }

                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                            {
                                newIP["SubnetMask"] = new[] { subnetMask };
                            }

                            managementObject.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
                        }

                        // Set mew gateway if needed
                        if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                        {
                            using (var newGateway = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways"))
                            {
                                newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new[] { gateway };
                                newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new[] { 1 };
                                managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="nic">NIC address</param>
    /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public void SetNameservers(string nic, string dnsServers)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(objMO => (bool)objMO["IPEnabled"] && objMO["Caption"].Equals(nic)))
                {
                    using (var newDNS = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder"))
                    {
                        newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = dnsServers.Split(',');
                        managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
24
Marc

J'espère que cela ne vous dérange pas que je vous envoie à un exemple, Mais c'est vraiment un exemple parfait: http://www.codeproject.com/KB/cs/oazswitchnetconfig.aspx

11
TimothyP

J'aime la solution WMILinq. Bien que n'étant pas exactement la solution à votre problème, trouvez ci-dessous un avant-goût de celui-ci:

using (WmiContext context = new WmiContext(@"\\.")) {

  context.ManagementScope.Options.Impersonation = ImpersonationLevel.Impersonate;
  context.Log = Console.Out;

  var dnss = from nic in context.Source<Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration>()
          where nic.IPEnabled
          select nic;

  var ips = from s in dnss.SelectMany(dns => dns.DNSServerSearchOrder)
          select IPAddress.Parse(s);
}  

http://www.codeplex.com/linq2wmi

5
LukeSkywalker

Le changement d'adresse IP dynamique en C # est très facile ...

Veuillez regarder le code ci-dessous et visiter: http://microsoftdotnetsolutions.blogspot.in/2012/12/dynamic-ip-change-in-c.html

1
sai

C'est peut-être plus clair:

static NetworkInterface GetNetworkInterface(string macAddress)
{
    foreach(NetworkInterface ni in NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces())
    {
        if (macAddress == ni.GetPhysicalAddress().ToString())
            return ni;
    }
    return null;
}
static ManagementObject GetNetworkInterfaceManagementObject(string macAddress)
{
    NetworkInterface ni = GetNetworkInterface(macAddress);
    if (ni == null)
        return null;
    ManagementClass managementClass = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");
    ManagementObjectCollection moc = managementClass.GetInstances();
    foreach(ManagementObject mo in moc)
    {
        if (mo["settingID"].ToString() == ni.Id)
            return mo;
    }
    return null;
}
static bool SetupNIC(string macAddress, string ip, string subnet, string gateway, string dns)
{
    try
    {
        ManagementObject mo = GetNetworkInterfaceManagementObject(macAddress);

        //Set IP
        ManagementBaseObject mboIP = mo.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic");
        mboIP["IPAddress"] = new string[] { ip };
        mboIP["SubnetMask"] = new string[] { subnet };
        mo.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", mboIP, null);

        //Set Gateway
        ManagementBaseObject mboGateway = mo.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways");
        mboGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new string[] { gateway };
        mboGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new int[] { 1 };
        mo.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", mboGateway, null);

        //Set DNS
        ManagementBaseObject mboDNS = mo.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder");
        mboDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = new string[] { dns };
        mo.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", mboDNS, null);

        return true;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        return false;
    }
}
0
Vova

Une solution beaucoup plus claire consiste à utiliser la commande netsh pour modifier l’IP (ou le redéfinir sur DHCP)

netsh interface ip set address "Local Area Connection" static 192.168.0.10 255.255.255.0

Voici deux méthodes pour définir l'adresse IP et également pour redéfinir l'adresse IP sur DHCP "Obtenir une adresse IP automatiquement"

public bool SetIP(string networkInterfaceName, string ipAddress, string subnetMask, string gateway = null)
{
    var networkInterface = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces().FirstOrDefault(nw => nw.Name == networkInterfaceName);
    var ipProperties = networkInterface.GetIPProperties();
    var ipInfo = ipProperties.UnicastAddresses.FirstOrDefault(ip => ip.Address.AddressFamily == AddressFamily.InterNetwork);
    var currentIPaddress = ipInfo.Address.ToString();
    var currentSubnetMask = ipInfo.IPv4Mask.ToString();
    var isDHCPenabled = ipProperties.GetIPv4Properties().IsDhcpEnabled;

    if (!isDHCPenabled && currentIPaddress == ipAddress && currentSubnetMask == subnetMask)
        return true;    // no change necessary

    var process = new Process
    {
        StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo("netsh", $"interface ip set address \"{networkInterfaceName}\" static {ipAddress} {subnetMask}" + (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(gateway) ? "" : $"{gateway} 1")) { Verb = "runas" }
    };
    process.Start();
    var successful = process.ExitCode == 0;
    process.Dispose();
    return successful;
}

public bool SetDHCP(string networkInterfaceName)
{
    var networkInterface = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces().FirstOrDefault(nw => nw.Name == networkInterfaceName);
    var ipProperties = networkInterface.GetIPProperties();
    var isDHCPenabled = ipProperties.GetIPv4Properties().IsDhcpEnabled;

    if (isDHCPenabled)
        return true;    // no change necessary

    var process = new Process
    {
        StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo("netsh", $"interface ip set address \"{networkInterfaceName}\" dhcp") { Verb = "runas" }
    };
    process.Start();
    var successful = process.ExitCode == 0;
    process.Dispose();
    return successful;
}
0
Apfelkuacha

Un exemple un peu plus concis qui s’appuie sur les autres réponses données ici. J'ai utilisé la génération de code livrée avec Visual Studio pour supprimer la majeure partie du code d'appel supplémentaire et je l'ai remplacée par des objets typés.

    using System;
    using System.Management;

    namespace Utils
    {
        class NetworkManagement
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// Returns a list of all the network interface class names that are currently enabled in the system
            /// </summary>
            /// <returns>list of nic names</returns>
            public static string[] GetAllNicDescriptions()
            {
                List<string> nics = new List<string>();

                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                                           .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"])
                                                                           .Select(x=> new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            nics.Add(config.Description);
                        }
                    }
                }

                return nics.ToArray();
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
            /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
            public static bool SetNameservers(string nicDescription, string[] dnsServers, bool restart = false)
            {
                using (ManagementClass networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (ManagementObjectCollection networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (ManagementObject mboDNS in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                        {
                            // NAC class was generated by opening a developer console and entering:
                            // mgmtclassgen Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -p NetworkAdapterConfiguration.cs
                            // See: http://blog.opennetcf.com/2008/06/24/disableenable-network-connections-under-Vista/

                            using (NetworkAdapterConfiguration config = new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(mboDNS))
                            {
                                if (config.SetDNSServerSearchOrder(dnsServers) == 0)
                                {
                                    RestartNetworkAdapter(nicDescription);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                return false;
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Restarts a given Network adapter
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            public static void RestartNetworkAdapter(string nicDescription)
            {
                using (ManagementClass networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapter"))
                {
                    using (ManagementObjectCollection networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (ManagementObject mboDNS in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo=> (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                        {
                            // NA class was generated by opening dev console and entering
                            // mgmtclassgen Win32_NetworkAdapter -p NetworkAdapter.cs
                            using (NetworkAdapter adapter = new NetworkAdapter(mboDNS))
                            {
                                adapter.Disable();
                                adapter.Enable();
                                Thread.Sleep(4000); // Wait a few secs until exiting, this will give the NIC enough time to re-connect
                                return;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Get's the DNS Server of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            public static string[] GetNameservers(string nicDescription)
            {
                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config  in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                              .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription)
                                                              .Select( x => new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            return config.DNSServerSearchOrder;
                        }
                    }
                }

                return null;
            }

            /// <summary>
            /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
            /// </summary>
            /// <param name="nicDescription">The full description of the network interface class</param>
            /// <param name="ipAddresses">The IP Address</param>
            /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
            /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
            /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
            public static void SetIP(string nicDescription, string[] ipAddresses, string subnetMask, string gateway)
            {
                using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
                {
                    using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
                    {
                        foreach (var config in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>()
                                                                       .Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription)
                                                                       .Select( x=> new NetworkAdapterConfiguration(x)))
                        {
                            // Set the new IP and subnet masks if needed
                            config.EnableStatic(ipAddresses, Array.ConvertAll(ipAddresses, _ => subnetMask));

                            // Set mew gateway if needed
                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                            {
                                config.SetGateways(new[] {gateway}, new ushort[] {1});
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

        }
    }

Source complète: https://github.com/sverrirs/DnsHelper/blob/master/src/DnsHelperUI/NetworkManagement.cs

0

Les réponses existantes ont un code assez cassé. La méthode DNS ne fonctionne pas du tout. Voici le code que j'ai utilisé pour configurer ma carte réseau:

public static class NetworkConfigurator
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Set's a new IP Address and it's Submask of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="ipAddress">The IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="subnetMask">The Submask IP Address</param>
    /// <param name="gateway">The gateway.</param>
    /// <param name="nicDescription"></param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public static void SetIP(string nicDescription, string[] ipAddresses, string subnetMask, string gateway)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                {
                    using (var newIP = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("EnableStatic"))
                    {
                        // Set new IP address and subnet if needed
                        if (ipAddresses != null || !String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                        {
                            if (ipAddresses != null)
                            {
                                newIP["IPAddress"] = ipAddresses;
                            }

                            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(subnetMask))
                            {
                                newIP["SubnetMask"] = Array.ConvertAll(ipAddresses, _ => subnetMask);
                            }

                            managementObject.InvokeMethod("EnableStatic", newIP, null);
                        }

                        // Set mew gateway if needed
                        if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(gateway))
                        {
                            using (var newGateway = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetGateways"))
                            {
                                newGateway["DefaultIPGateway"] = new[] { gateway };
                                newGateway["GatewayCostMetric"] = new[] { 1 };
                                managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetGateways", newGateway, null);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Set's the DNS Server of the local machine
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="nic">NIC address</param>
    /// <param name="dnsServers">Comma seperated list of DNS server addresses</param>
    /// <remarks>Requires a reference to the System.Management namespace</remarks>
    public static void SetNameservers(string nicDescription, string[] dnsServers)
    {
        using (var networkConfigMng = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration"))
        {
            using (var networkConfigs = networkConfigMng.GetInstances())
            {
                foreach (var managementObject in networkConfigs.Cast<ManagementObject>().Where(mo => (bool)mo["IPEnabled"] && (string)mo["Description"] == nicDescription))
                {
                    using (var newDNS = managementObject.GetMethodParameters("SetDNSServerSearchOrder"))
                    {
                        newDNS["DNSServerSearchOrder"] = dnsServers;
                        managementObject.InvokeMethod("SetDNSServerSearchOrder", newDNS, null);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
0
usr