it-swarm-eu.dev

Seznam všech oprávnění pro danou roli?

Hledal jsem všude kolem a nenašel jsem přesvědčivou odpověď na tuto otázku.

Potřebuji skript, který může přidělit VŠECHNY oprávnění pro přidruženou roli.

Nějaké myšlenky, nebo je to vůbec možné?

Tím se dostanu ZAVŘENO - ale zdá se, že to nedokážu převrátit a poskytnout shrnutí rolí, spíše než uživatelům.

http://consultingblogs.emc.com/jamiethomson/archive/2007/02/09/SQL-Server-2005_3A00_-View-all-permissions--_2800_2_2900_.aspx

 WITH    perms_cte as
(
        select USER_NAME(p.grantee_principal_id) AS principal_name,
                dp.principal_id,
                dp.type_desc AS principal_type_desc,
                p.class_desc,
                OBJECT_NAME(p.major_id) AS object_name,
                p.permission_name,
                p.state_desc AS permission_state_desc
        from    sys.database_permissions p
        inner   JOIN sys.database_principals dp
        on     p.grantee_principal_id = dp.principal_id
)
--role members
SELECT rm.member_principal_name, rm.principal_type_desc, p.class_desc, 
    p.object_name, p.permission_name, p.permission_state_desc,rm.role_name
FROM    perms_cte p
right outer JOIN (
    select role_principal_id, dp.type_desc as principal_type_desc, 
   member_principal_id,user_name(member_principal_id) as member_principal_name,
   user_name(role_principal_id) as role_name--,*
    from    sys.database_role_members rm
    INNER   JOIN sys.database_principals dp
    ON     rm.member_principal_id = dp.principal_id
) rm
ON     rm.role_principal_id = p.principal_id
order by 1
25
elgabito

Přišli jsme s tím, což vypadá, že funguje:

SELECT DISTINCT rp.name, 
                ObjectType = rp.type_desc, 
                PermissionType = pm.class_desc, 
                pm.permission_name, 
                pm.state_desc, 
                ObjectType = CASE 
                               WHEN obj.type_desc IS NULL 
                                     OR obj.type_desc = 'SYSTEM_TABLE' THEN 
                               pm.class_desc 
                               ELSE obj.type_desc 
                             END, 
                s.Name as SchemaName,
                [ObjectName] = Isnull(ss.name, Object_name(pm.major_id)) 
FROM   sys.database_principals rp 
       INNER JOIN sys.database_permissions pm 
               ON pm.grantee_principal_id = rp.principal_id 
       LEFT JOIN sys.schemas ss 
              ON pm.major_id = ss.schema_id 
       LEFT JOIN sys.objects obj 
              ON pm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id] 
       LEFT JOIN sys.schemas s
              ON s.schema_id = obj.schema_id
WHERE  rp.type_desc = 'DATABASE_ROLE' 
       AND pm.class_desc <> 'DATABASE' 
ORDER  BY rp.name, 
          rp.type_desc, 
          pm.class_desc 
21
elgabito

Nemohu najít odkaz, ale tady je velmi popisný skript (měl jsem ho v úložišti už roky - velmi užitečné pro auditování):

/*


--Script source found at :  http://stackoverflow.com/a/7059579/1387418
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
2) List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role

Columns Returned:
UserName        : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user cccount.  This could also be an Active Directory group.
UserType        : Value will be either 'SQL User' or 'Windows User'.  This reflects the type of user defined for the 
                  SQL Server user account.
DatabaseUserName: Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the
                  same as the server user.
Role            : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly
                  on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType  : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT
                  DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
PermissionState : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ObjectType      : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE, 
                  SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc.   
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.          
ObjectName      : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on.  
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ColumnName      : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value
                  is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function.                 
*/

--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group directly 
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE princ.[type] 
                    WHEN 'S' THEN princ.[name]
                    WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                 END,  
    [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],       
    [Role] = null,      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],       
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --database user
    sys.database_principals princ  
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.login_token ulogin on princ.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col ON col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
WHERE 
    princ.[type] in ('S','U')
UNION
--List all access provisioned to a sql user or windows user/group through a database or application role
SELECT  
    [UserName] = CASE memberprinc.[type] 
                    WHEN 'S' THEN memberprinc.[name]
                    WHEN 'U' THEN ulogin.[name] COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AI
                 END,
    [UserType] = CASE memberprinc.[type]
                    WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                    WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                 END, 
    [DatabaseUserName] = memberprinc.[name],   
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],   
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Role/member associations
    sys.database_role_members members
JOIN
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
JOIN
    --Role members (database users)
    sys.database_principals memberprinc ON memberprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Login accounts
    sys.login_token ulogin on memberprinc.[sid] = ulogin.[sid]
LEFT JOIN        
    --Permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
LEFT JOIN
    sys.objects obj ON perm.[major_id] = obj.[object_id]
UNION
--List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
SELECT  
    [UserName] = '{All Users}',
    [UserType] = '{All Users}', 
    [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',       
    [Role] = roleprinc.[name],      
    [PermissionType] = perm.[permission_name],       
    [PermissionState] = perm.[state_desc],       
    [ObjectType] = obj.type_desc,--perm.[class_desc],  
    [ObjectName] = OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    [ColumnName] = col.[name]
FROM    
    --Roles
    sys.database_principals roleprinc
LEFT JOIN        
    --Role permissions
    sys.database_permissions perm ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
LEFT JOIN
    --Table columns
    sys.columns col on col.[object_id] = perm.major_id 
                    AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]                   
JOIN 
    --All objects   
    sys.objects obj ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
WHERE
    --Only roles
    roleprinc.[type] = 'R' AND
    --Only public role
    roleprinc.[name] = 'public' AND
    --Only objects of ours, not the MS objects
    obj.is_ms_shipped = 0
ORDER BY
    princ.[Name],
    OBJECT_NAME(perm.major_id),
    col.[name],
    perm.[permission_name],
    perm.[state_desc],
    obj.type_desc--perm.[class_desc] 
14
Kin Shah

Myslím, že by to mělo být provedeno tak, že 'blah' nahraďte buď názvem vaší role, nebo uživatelem databáze (mějte na paměti, že vestavěné role se nezobrazují jako oprávnění):

SELECT DB_NAME() AS 'DBName'
      ,p.[name] AS 'PrincipalName'
      ,p.[type_desc] AS 'PrincipalType'
      ,p2.[name] AS 'GrantedBy'
      ,dbp.[permission_name]
      ,dbp.[state_desc]
      ,so.[Name] AS 'ObjectName'
      ,so.[type_desc] AS 'ObjectType'
  FROM [sys].[database_permissions] dbp LEFT JOIN [sys].[objects] so
    ON dbp.[major_id] = so.[object_id] LEFT JOIN [sys].[database_principals] p
    ON dbp.[grantee_principal_id] = p.[principal_id] LEFT JOIN [sys].[database_principals] p2
    ON dbp.[grantor_principal_id] = p2.[principal_id]

WHERE p.[name] = 'blah'
11
steoleary

Pro přidání do seznamu mám několik SP sp_dbpermissions a sp_srvpermissions , které lze použít k návratu stejného typu informací.

Můžete běžet

EXEC sp_dbpermissions 'dbname','rolename (or any other principal really)'

A získejte to

enter image description here

(Nevidíte to, ale grantový skript je vypnutý napravo u třetí sady dat a přetahujte/vytvářejte skripty napravo u první sady dat.)

4
Kenneth Fisher

To je moje snaha. Mám delší skript, který prochází skrz všechny DB, dejte mi vědět, jestli je to užitečnější:

SELECT 
@@Servername as ServerName
,DB_NAME() AS DatabaseName
,d.name AS DatabaseUser
,ISNULL(dr.name, 'Public') AS DatabaseRole
,dp.permission_name as AdditionalPermission
,dp.state_desc AS PermissionState
,ISNULL(o.type_desc, 'N/A')  AS ObjectType
,ISNULL(o.name, 'N/A') AS ObjectName
FROM sys.database_principals d
    LEFT JOIN sys.database_role_members r
        ON d.principal_id = r.member_principal_id 
    LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals dr
        ON r.role_principal_id = dr.principal_id 
    left JOIN   sys.database_permissions dp
        ON d.principal_id = dp.grantee_principal_id
    LEFT JOIN sys.objects o
        ON dp.major_id = o.object_id 
3
JYatesDBA

jen přidat k přijaté odpovědi , role může někdy patřit k jiné roli.

DECLARE @ROLE VARCHAR(108)
select @role = 'db_BodenProcessor'

;WITH theRoles (member_principal_id, role_principal_id) 
AS 
(
  SELECT 
   r.member_principal_id, 
   r.role_principal_id
  FROM sys.database_role_members r 
   UNION ALL
  SELECT 
   tr.member_principal_id, 
   rm.role_principal_id
  FROM sys.database_role_members rm 
            INNER JOIN theRoles tr 
                    ON rm.member_principal_id = tr.role_principal_id
)

--select * from theRoles


select  the_role=A.name
       ,A.is_fixed_role
       ,role_member=B.name
       ,B.type_desc
from theRoles tr
        INNER JOIN sys.database_principals A 
                ON tr.role_principal_id = A.principal_id
        INNER JOIN sys.database_principals B 
                ON tr.member_principal_id = B.principal_id
WHERE A.NAME = @ROLE
   OR B.name = @ROLE
GROUP BY A.name
       ,A.is_fixed_role
       ,B.name
       ,B.type_desc
order by a.is_fixed_role DESC
        ,a.name

enter image description here

3
Marcello Miorelli

Vzhledem k tomu, že se to objevilo v komunitním botu, hodím do klobouku můj skript , protože je to docela vyčerpávající a nenarazil jsem na nic, co by nebylo identifikováno. Bonus je, že výstup je pěkně naformátovaný a umožňuje i poměrně rozsáhlé databázové role:

/********************************************************************
 *                                                                  *
 * Author: John Eisbrener                                           *
 * Script Purpose: Script out Database Role Definition              *
 * Notes: Please report any bugs to http://www.dbaeyes.com/         *
 *                                                                  *
 * Update: 2014-03-03 - Adjusted output to accommodate Role         *
 *                      definitions that are longer than 8000 chars *
 * Update: 2013-09-03 - Added user output per Joe Spivey's comment  *
 *                    - Modified formatting for oddly named objects *
 *                    - Included support for Grants on DMVs         *
 ********************************************************************/
DECLARE @roleName VARCHAR(255)
SET @roleName = 'DatabaseRoleName'

-- Script out the Role
DECLARE @roleDesc VARCHAR(MAX), @crlf VARCHAR(2)
SET @crlf = CHAR(13) + CHAR(10)
SET @roleDesc = 'CREATE ROLE [' + @roleName + ']' + @crlf + 'GO' + @crlf + @crlf

SELECT    @roleDesc = @roleDesc +
        CASE dp.state
            WHEN 'D' THEN 'DENY '
            WHEN 'G' THEN 'GRANT '
            WHEN 'R' THEN 'REVOKE '
            WHEN 'W' THEN 'GRANT '
        END + 
        dp.permission_name + ' ' +
        CASE dp.class
            WHEN 0 THEN ''
            WHEN 1 THEN --table or column subset on the table
                CASE WHEN dp.major_id < 0 THEN
                    + 'ON [sys].[' + OBJECT_NAME(dp.major_id) + '] '
                ELSE
                    + 'ON [' +
                    (SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) + '].[' + name FROM sys.objects WHERE object_id = dp.major_id)
                        + -- optionally concatenate column names
                    CASE WHEN MAX(dp.minor_id) > 0 
                         THEN '] ([' + REPLACE(
                                        (SELECT name + '], [' 
                                         FROM sys.columns 
                                         WHERE object_id = dp.major_id 
                                            AND column_id IN (SELECT minor_id 
                                                              FROM sys.database_permissions 
                                                              WHERE major_id = dp.major_id
                                                                AND USER_NAME(grantee_principal_id) IN (@roleName)
                                                             )
                                         FOR XML PATH('')
                                        ) --replace final square bracket pair
                                    + '])', ', []', '')
                         ELSE ']'
                    END + ' '
                END
            WHEN 3 THEN 'ON SCHEMA::[' + SCHEMA_NAME(dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 4 THEN 'ON ' + (SELECT RIGHT(type_desc, 4) + '::[' + name FROM sys.database_principals WHERE principal_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 5 THEN 'ON Assembly::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.assemblies WHERE Assembly_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 6 THEN 'ON TYPE::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.types WHERE user_type_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 10 THEN 'ON XML SCHEMA COLLECTION::[' + (SELECT SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) + '.' + name FROM sys.xml_schema_collections WHERE xml_collection_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 15 THEN 'ON MESSAGE TYPE::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.service_message_types WHERE message_type_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 16 THEN 'ON CONTRACT::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.service_contracts WHERE service_contract_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 17 THEN 'ON SERVICE::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.services WHERE service_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 18 THEN 'ON REMOTE SERVICE BINDING::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.remote_service_bindings WHERE remote_service_binding_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 19 THEN 'ON ROUTE::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.routes WHERE route_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 23 THEN 'ON FULLTEXT CATALOG::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.fulltext_catalogs WHERE fulltext_catalog_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 24 THEN 'ON SYMMETRIC KEY::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.symmetric_keys WHERE symmetric_key_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 25 THEN 'ON CERTIFICATE::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.certificates WHERE certificate_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
            WHEN 26 THEN 'ON ASYMMETRIC KEY::[' + (SELECT name FROM sys.asymmetric_keys WHERE asymmetric_key_id = dp.major_id) + '] '
         END COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS
         + 'TO [' + @roleName + ']' + 
         CASE dp.state WHEN 'W' THEN ' WITH GRANT OPTION' ELSE '' END + @crlf
FROM    sys.database_permissions dp
WHERE    USER_NAME(dp.grantee_principal_id) IN (@roleName)
GROUP BY dp.state, dp.major_id, dp.permission_name, dp.class

SELECT @roleDesc = @roleDesc + 'GO' + @crlf + @crlf      

-- Display users within Role.  Code stubbed by Joe Spivey
SELECT  @roleDesc = @roleDesc + 'EXECUTE sp_AddRoleMember ''' + roles.name + ''', ''' + users.name + '''' + @crlf
FROM    sys.database_principals users
        INNER JOIN sys.database_role_members link 
            ON link.member_principal_id = users.principal_id
        INNER JOIN sys.database_principals roles 
            ON roles.principal_id = link.role_principal_id
WHERE   roles.name = @roleName

-- PRINT out in blocks of up to 8000 based on last \r\n
DECLARE @printCur INT
SET @printCur = 8000

WHILE LEN(@roleDesc) > 8000
BEGIN
    -- Reverse first 8000 characters and look for first lf cr (reversed crlf) as delimiter
    SET @printCur = 8000 - CHARINDEX(CHAR(10) + CHAR(13), REVERSE(SUBSTRING(@roleDesc, 0, 8000)))

    PRINT LEFT(@roleDesc, @printCur)
    SELECT @roleDesc = RIGHT(@roleDesc, LEN(@roleDesc) - @printCur)
END

-- Output new permissions
PRINT @roleDesc + 'GO'
3
John Eisbrener